Eric Nicholas K's answer to Tiffany's Secondary 4 A Maths Singapore question.

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Eric Nicholas K
Eric Nicholas K's answer
5952 answers (Tutor Details)
1st
Recall that the value of dy/dx at a certain point represents the gradient of the TANGENT (not the gradient of the normal) to the curve at that point.

That said, recall that the normal to a curve is a line perpendicular to the tangent to the same curve at the tangential point.

For two perpendicular lines, the product of their gradients must equal to -1 (except for horizontal and vertical lines, though this side scenario is too easy to humans - horizontal lines and vertical lines are always perpendicular!).